(Today is the 68th Anniversary of the Beginning of the Battle of Tarawa. This is a Re-Post from November 2009.)

The buildings in the “regimental area” of Camp Lejeune, North Carolina are modest, post-war brick buildings that, to the visitor’s eye, look more or less alike. Yet, each of the Marine Regiments of the Second Marine Division has its own storied history and battle honors. As Captain J. W. Thomason wrote in his Great War masterpiece Fix Bayonets, these histories represent

“…traditions of things endured and things accomplished, such as Regiments hand down forever.”

There are symbols of these honors for one to see, if you know where to look. On a thousand trips past those symbols, there is one that never failed to make me pause and reflect. On the headquarters building for the 2d Marine Regiment hangs their unit crest. The crest contains only three words. They are in English and not Latin, and they are not a catch phrase nor a bold proclamation of a warrior philosophy. They are simple and stark. Across the top of the unit crest is the word “TARAWA”. And at the bottom, the grim admonition, “KEEP MOVING”.

491px-2nd_Marine_Regiment_Logo

It was 66 years ago on this date that the Second Marine Division began the assault on Betio Island, in the Tarawa Atoll. The island, roughly two thirds of the size of my college’s small campus, was the most heavily fortified beach in the world. Of the Second MarDiv, the 2nd Marine Regiment landed two battalions abreast on beaches Red 1 and Red 2. The assault began what was described as “seventy-six stark and bitter hours” of the most brutal combat of the Pacific War. More than 1,000 Marines and Sailors were killed, nearly 2,300 wounded, along with nearly 5,000 Japanese dead, in the maelstrom of heat, sand, fire, and smoke that was Betio.

Assault on Betio's Northern beaches

Assault on Betio's Northern beaches

Marine Dead on Beach Red 1

Marine Dead on Beach Red 1

I will not detail the fighting for Betio here, as there are many other sources for that information. Nor will I debate whether the terrible price paid for Betio was too high. What cannot be debated is the extraordinary heroism of the Marines and Sailors who fought to secure the 1.1 square miles of baking sand and wrest it from the grasp of an entrenched, fortified, and determined enemy. The fighting was described as “utmost savagery”, and casualties among Marine officers and NCOs were extremely high. As one Marine stated, initiative and courage were absolute necessities. Corporals commanded platoons, and Staff Sergeants, companies.

Marines assault over coconut log wall on Beach Red 2

Marines assault over coconut log wall on Beach Red 2

The book by the late Robert Sherrod, “Tarawa, The Story of a Battle”, is a magnificent read. Another is Eric Hammel’s “76 Hours”. Also “Utmost Savagery”, by Joe Alexander, who additionally produced the WWII commemorative “Across the Reef”, an excellent compilation of primary source material. For video, The History Channel produced a 50th anniversary documentary on the battle, titled “Death Tide at Tarawa”, in November 1993. I also highly recommend finding and watching this superb production. It is narrated by Edward Hermann, and interviews many of the battle’s veterans, including Robert Sherrod, MajGen Mike Ryan, and others, who provide chilling and inspiring commentary of the fighting and of the terrible carnage of those three days.

 Master Sgt. James M. Fawcett, left and Capt. Kyle Corcoran salute Fawcett's father's ashes on Red Beach 1. MSgt Fawcett's father landed on Red 1 on 20 Nov 1943.

Master Sgt. James M. Fawcett, left and Capt. Kyle Corcoran salute Fawcett's father's ashes on Red Beach 1. MSgt Fawcett's father landed on Red 1 on 20 Nov 1943.

Tarawa remains a proud and grim chapter in the battle histories of the units of the Second Marine Division. Each outfit, the 2nd, 6th, 8th, and 10th Marines, 2nd Tank Battalion, 2nd Tracks, and miscellaneous support units, fought superbly against frightful odds and a fearsome enemy. It is on the Unit Crest of the 2nd Marines, whose battalions paid the highest price for Betio, that the most poignant of those histories is remembered. Three simple words: “TARAWA; KEEP MOVING”.

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Originally posted 20 November 2009




Posted by UltimaRatioReg in History, Marine Corps, Navy


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  • Andy (JADAA)

    Thanks for the nice bit of “the story behind the story.” Many armchair generals spend a lot of time criticizing the decisions, mistakes and the butcher’s bill paid for this battle. What most don’t seem to take into consideration enough is that outside of Tulagi and to a far lesser extent Guadalcanal, no one had ever done this kind of operation, on this scale, against this kind of opposition, in this theatre, before. (The question of why there was apparently very little if any sharing of “lessons learned” between the Army and Marines and between the Pacific and European/African theatres is a question for another time)

    The lessons paid for in blood at Tarawa were well learned. ‘Tis a pity that there were more lessons to be taught…

    VR,
    Andy

  • Grandpa Bluewater

    …and in all to many cases, since forgotten. But that is another post.

    Remembering the courage and fidelity of the sailors and marines of Tarawa, and teaching it to the next generation is a good start to rendering the honors they earned.

  • Paul

    It’s time as well that we take care of those beaches where so many died. The photos of the garbage and waste strewn about that recently have been published in Proceedings breaks my heart. That’d never be acceptable at Omaha or Utah, why is it seemingly OK over there?

    Could a warship pay a courtesy visit and sailors and marines come ashore to do some work in honor of those who gave the last full measure of devotion? It’d be a way to tie members of the Navy and the Marines viscerally to their past in a way that can’t be duplicated by classroom.

  • http://www.groovium.com Moe DeLaun

    Paul speaks for me — I’ve been thinking the same thing since reading Craig Hooper’s 2009 article:
    http://articles.latimes.com/2009/jun/05/opinion/oe-hooper5

    The Compact of Free Association between the USA and several Micronesian states places America in charge of their defense, but Kiribati is a Commonwealth nation, with its defense provided by Australia and New Zealand. Perhaps these island nations could invite Allied joint soft-power cruises through Micronesia, providing fisheries enforcement, hospital-ship visits, clean-up of beaches, restoration of monuments, and shore-leave economic injections.

  • Diogenes of NJ

    There is more unpleasantness on Tarawa besides the neglect of the beaches:

    http://www.tarawaontheweb.org/news.htm
    http://www.globalsecurity.org/space/world/china/kiribati.htm

    Rumor has it that Hop Sing has a laser flash-light there that he uses to dazzle our satellites.

    This isn’t what they died for. The Chinese tracking facilities are on the main island, not Betio.

    - Kyon

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