Tags: Degrees, Training & Education
By 2000, there had been tentative attempts at leveraging the internet for military education â primarily through the use of synthetic training simulations,Â rudimentary file-sharing, and simpleÂ message boards. Fourteen years later the options have expanded, and with it increased the availability of cheap or free training. In our evolving era of online education and emphasis on life-long learning, the military and government have embraced new tools and a multi-pronged approach to keeping those serving on Active, Reserve, and civil service duty trained. In this 2-part series, LCDR Adam Kahnke and I will run our fingers along those prongs in the hopes of providing you an outline of the opportunities available and shape of things to come.
In this first part we look at the type of education that many people, if theyâre being honest, care most about. Weâre talking about instructor-led courses accredited by scholastic councils that can be used towards certificates and degrees. Even if the Navy has already paid for your undergraduate education and you have no intention of remaining on active duty beyond your current commitment there are still options for you, including degree programs that incur no additional service obligation. Some of these are also not fully online, instead taking a blended approach requiring some in-residence time.
Now I need to throw in some important caveats. While this article is geared towards officers (enlisted folk have aÂ slewÂ of generally different options), everyoneâs situation is unique, so itâs important to keep in mind that these are general descriptions to raise awareness of the opportunities available. The degree (no pun intended) to which they are free or available will depend on things such as your current service obligation, how much youâre willing to obligate in the future, your rank, your location, your clearance, whether you already have a grad degree, etc..
Additionally, these were the opportunities of which we were aware at the time of this writing. Weâre sure weâve missed a few and that as time goes on some will no longer remain available. While we hope this resource remains updated, weâre lazy and easily distracted, so donât just take our word for it, but put in a little legwork yourself. Weâre only saying these are free opportunities in so much as the cost goesâyouâll still have to put in some amount of work.
If youâre a naval officer we hope that youâve taken advantage of the many routes to getting your undergrad paid forâwhether you commissioned through the Academy, OCS, or our preferred choice, Navy Reserve Officer Training Corps (NROTC) while attending a real universityâyou shouldnât have too much to worry about. Unless, I donât know, you changed majors thirteen times and attended some party school in Miami so didnât bother graduating in under 8 years, you shouldnât have much college debt from earning your BA (or BS if you went to Canoe U). Some of you may even have gone straight into an MA program. The good news is that if you have any federal loans remaining, whatever the amount thatâs left after 10 years of good payments and federal service (military or otherwise) is discharged under the Public Service Loan Forgiveness program (see moreÂ here). For those looking for more education, the following is for you:
Naval War College (NWC)âs College of Distance Education (CDE) â Fleet Seminar Program (FSP)Â
For those officers hedging their bets on continuing on active duty, those who already know theyâre heading to the Reserves after their current tour, and those already in the Reserves, FSP can be a great choice. It incurs no additional service obligation yet offers free instructor-led, in-person courses atÂ 19 Fleet Concentration AreasÂ on the path to aÂ degreeÂ (There is a fully online and CD version, but it does not normally allow the student to earn a degree). One generally has to be an officer, a federal employee, or a congressional staffer (O-3 or above; GS-11 or above). The degree consists of three core classes that also earn you JPME Phase I credit and is designed to be completed over 3 years, but can be done in 2 if doubling up on courses the second year. The names of the core courses occasionally change, but most recommend taking Strategy and War/Politics the first year, and National/Theater Security Decision Making and Joint Military/Maritime Operations the second due to lighter individual reading load for the latter two (even with the literally heavier Milan Vego tome). Youâll also need to complete 9 credit hours of elective courses, some of which can be done through the NWC web-enabled courses, but these are tough to get into and limited in their offerings, so consider combining with credit from another institution.
Naval Postgraduate School (NPS)
NPS has manyÂ programsÂ and courses available for those non-resident, including EMBAs and other MA degrees, although the admissions for each program, including the cost for non-active duty and whether any service obligation is incurred for those who are active is very opaque on the site, which is riddled with dead links. One option for Reservists working as gov civilians looks like it might be thisÂ scholarship program. Your best bet for getting the ground truth on any specific program that catches your eye isÂ emailing their admissions, although when I tried doing that a year ago I never received a response.
In coordination with FEMA they have developed aÂ Center for Homeland Defense and Security, which offers an MA with minimal in-residence time (12 weeks total) at either Monterrey or DC (the rest is completed via the web). Applicants must be a US citizen and âemployed full-time by a local, tribal, state, or federal government agency or the U.S. military, and have homeland security experience and responsibilities.â While FEMA pays for those from DHS, naval officersâ sponsoring agencies are responsible for paying tuition etcâŚso while not specified thereâs likely an incurred time obligation for attending.
National Intelligence University (NIU)
NIU has several options, including 2 masters degrees (MS of Strategic Intelligence or an MS&T Intelligence). Unfortunately all programs are restricted to TS/SCI clearance holders so yours truly canât provide feedback as to the quality of the program. Hear that NIU? Thatâs the silent sound of me ruefully shaking my fist at you! But it makes sense given the subject matter.
From the site:
Federal employees throughout the Intelligence Community (IC), the military, law enforcement, National Guard, Reserve and other related security functions have the opportunity to apply for the resident (full-time) program through their parent agency or service, or can apply on their own for one of the NIUâs cohort (part-time) programs. The cohort program classes are conducted in the evening and select weekends at the DIA Headquarters as well as the graduate and academic centers at NSA and NGA during the day.
But you donât have to be in the DC area to take advantage â the site also mentions Tampa, FL and Molesworth, UK if you happen to be in either of those two spots.Â See below for certificate offerings.
National Defense University (NDU)
In addition to the normal full-time in-residence programs, NDU offers a part-time, partially onlineÂ Master of Science program and certificate programs through its Information Resources ManagementÂ College (iCollege) to any government civilian employee or servicemember above a certain pay grade/rank. The coursework is available in either a blended (partially in-resident, partially online) or primarilyÂ online format and focuses on defense leadership and information technology topics. Courses are each 5Â weeks long and confer 3 graduate credit hours.
Accredited Courses / Certificate Programs
DoDâs Defense Security Service (DSS)
This is a relatively new addition. DSSâs Center for Development of Security Excellence (CDSE) offers an array of freeÂ instructor-led online coursesÂ that earn ACE graduate-level credits and can be applied towards severalÂ certificates. These guys also offer âtraining:â restricted (based on clearance and position)Â in-person coursesÂ on things such as Special Access Programs (SAPs), a few accredited, and non-accreditedÂ self-paced online coursesÂ on things like cybersecurity. Additionally, the CDSE offers a separate set ofÂ security professional certificationsÂ based on testing. I took one of the accredited online courses this fall and found it, like most, to be flexible, interesting, and rewarding in so far as you get out what you put in to it. Despite frequent denials that it exists when I call, Iâm hoping someday theyâll let me do one of their advanced protective security detail driving courses in tropical Linthicum, MD.
National Intelligence University (NIU)
Offers part-timeÂ MA-level Certificate of Intelligence Studies programs, including Africa, China, Counterintelligence, AFPAK, Eurasia, Strat Warning Analysis, IC leadership and Management that once again sadly require a TS/SCI clearance. Smoke âem if you got âem.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
FEMAâs Emergency Management Institute runs manyÂ emergency management-related coursesÂ and exercises around the country both in-resident and via VTC. I havenât been able to find any costs associated, but you do have to have a sponsoring organization endorsement from someone in your chain of command, as well as justify why FEMA should spend the time training you on, oh say prison riot responses. Many of these courses and their pre-reqs in the ISP (see below) can be applied towards FEMA programs/certificates, such as theÂ Master Exercise Practitioner (MEP)Â orÂ Emergency Management Professional Program (EMPP), but require out-of-time commitments and attendance at (free) courses in Maryland.
FEMA also offers a large range ofÂ Independent Study ProgramÂ courses on things from HAZMAT to animals in disasters. If it matters, Frederick (MD) Community CollegeÂ offers lower-level creditsÂ towards a Bachelorâs degree for the cost of accreditation for independent study you complete online.
DHS/FEMA at Texas A&M
Another option for those looking for accredited online courses in emergency management or cybersecurity comes from the Lone Star State thanks to federal FEMA and DHS funding. The cyber security training is the most prevalent online and can be rolled up to count for 3 ACE-accredited courses. Many other courses are offered through mobile trainers or in-residence.
Defense Acquisition University (DAU)
The members of the Navy-Marine Corps teamâs acquisition force, and really anyone who is interested in better understanding the mysteries of how the military ends up with the kit it does, can take a wide variety of online courses, including from Harvard Business School, and, with organization funding, in-residence courses at the DAU campus at Ft. Belvoir, VA. In order to receive a DAU-conferred certificate, however, one must be a member of the Defense Acquisition Workforce, as determined by position. For those not in that category, many of the courses have been ACE credit recommendations while DAU has memoranda of agreement with a multitude of colleges offering credit for coursework towards certificates and undergrad and graduate degrees at their institutions.
See above for details.
While we chose to focus on free, part-time, and mostly online educational opportunities â thus why we didnât include the normal in-residence NPS, NWC, and MBA scholarship masterâs programs, we also received feedback asking us to include several other lesser-known options.
Graduate Education Voucher (GEV)
For unrestricted line officers who want to pursue a graduate degree program of their own choosing (subject to approval), they can do so in their off-duty hours (i.e. while otherwise on shore duty) supported in part by the GEV at $20K per year. Taking the money incurs additional service obligation. Check with BUPERS for more on current academic year eligibility and the application process.
Marine Corps War College
As with the Naval War College, the Marine Corps Universityâs Marine Corps War College hosts a 1-year in-residence Master of Strategic Studies program that also satisfies Joint Professional Military Education (JPME) Phase 1 requirement for officers. If you are finishing your division officer tours or finishing up your first shore duty rotation, speak to your detailer about this option if youâre interested in an alternative experience in Quantico, VA.
The State Department runs theÂ Foreign Service InstituteÂ in Arlington, VA. According to their website they run over 600 courses for State employees, federal civilians, and military officers, but they didnât bother returning my email so I have no idea whether you could apply out of the blue or need to be on orders to one of their courses. Meanies. But if youâre feeling adventurous you could go through the process of applying and see what happens. You just might end up in Uzbeki-beki-beki-stan.
But learning for the purpose of credit, certificates, or degrees isnât the only type of learning out there. In Part II Adam will lead you through the myriad free opportunities to learn for the sake of learning.
This article appeared in its original form atÂ JORulesÂ and was cross-posted by permission. The opinions and views expressed in this post are his alone and are presented in his personal capacity. They do not necessarily represent the views of U.S. Department of Defense or the U.S. Navy.